The President of the United States is the elected head of state and head of government of the United States. The president leads the executive branch of the federal government and is the commander-in-chief of the United States Armed Forces. The president is indirectly elected to a four-year term by the people through the Electoral College.
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Capitol, which housed the Library of Congress, during the War of Jefferson's books formed the foundation of the rebuilt Library of Congress's collections.
Visit Website InJefferson graduated from the College of William and Mary in Williamsburg, Virginia, where he reportedly enjoyed studying for 15 hours then practicing violin for several more hours on a daily basis. He went on to study law under the tutelage of a respected Virginia attorney there were no official law schools in America at the timeand began working as a lawyer in Marriage and Monticello After his father died when Jefferson was a teen, the future president inherited the Shadwell property.
Jefferson, who had a keen interest in architecture and gardening, designed the home and its elaborate gardens himself.
Over the course of his life, he remodeled and expanded Monticello and filled it with art, fine furnishings and interesting gadgets and architectural details. He kept records of everything that happened at the 5,acre plantation, including daily weather reports, a gardening journal and notes about his slaves and animals.
The couple moved to Monticello and eventually had six children; only two of their daughters—Martha and Mary —survived into adulthood. Jefferson was distraught and never remarried. However, it is believed he fathered more children with one of his slaves, Sally Hemings Although he was an advocate for individual liberty and at one point promoted a plan for gradual emancipation of slaves in America, he owned slaves throughout his life.
Jefferson inherited some slaves from his father and father-in-law and owned an estimated slaves over the course of his life. He freed only a small number of them in his will; the majority were sold following his death. The Declaration of Independence, which explained why the 13 colonies wanted to be free of British rule and also detailed the importance of individual rights and freedoms, was adopted on July 4, In the fall ofJefferson resigned from the Continental Congress and was re-elected to the Virginia House of Delegates formerly the House of Burgesses.
He considered the Virginia Statute for Religious Freedom, which he authored in the late s and which Virginia lawmakers eventually passed into be one of the significant achievements of his career. It was a forerunner to the First Amendment to the U.
From toJefferson served as governor of Virginia, and from todid a second stint in Congress then officially known, sinceas the Congress of the Confederation. Inhe succeeded Benjamin Franklin as U. In this post, Jefferson clashed with U.
- Founding Fathers draw up new constitution for United States of America. Constitution comes into effect in Constitution comes into effect in - George Washington elected first president . William Henry Harrison's presidency was the shortest in American history. He died 31 days after taking office in Franklin D. Roosevelt served the longest, over twelve years, before dying early in his fourth term in He is the only U.S. president to have served more than two terms. Presidents of the United States – Wikipedia. The United States has a rich history, full of tumult and transformation. Explore the people, events, and movements that shaped the America of today. US Presidents Native American History American Revolution Civil War America Moves Westward The Gilded Age Definition and Summary. Article. The Crittenden Compromise to Prevent the .
In the presidential election ofJefferson ran against John Adams and received the second highest amount of votes, which according to the law at the time, made him vice president.
Jefferson ran against Adams again in the presidential election ofwhich turned into a bitter battle between the Federalists and Democratic-Republicans. Jefferson defeated Adams; however, due to a flaw in the electoral system, Jefferson tied with fellow Democratic-Republican Aaron Burr The House of Representatives broke the tie and voted Jefferson into office.
In order to avoid a repeat of this situation, Congress proposed the Twelfth Amendment to the U. Constitution, which required separate voting for president and vice president.
The amendment was ratified in Jefferson Becomes Third U. President Jefferson was sworn into office on March 4, ; his was the first presidential inauguration held in WashingtonD. George Washington was inaugurated in New York in ; inhe was sworn into office in Philadelphia, as was his successor, John Adams, in Instead of riding in a horse-drawn carriage, Jefferson broke with tradition and walked to and from the ceremony.
At more thansquare miles, the acquisition which included lands extending between the Mississippi River and Rocky Mountains and the Gulf of Mexico to present-day Canada effectively doubled the size of the United States.
Jefferson then commissioned Meriwether Lewis and William Clark to explore the uncharted land, plus the area beyond, out to the Pacific Ocean. At the time, most Americans lived within 50 miles of the Atlantic Ocean.
The expedition, known today as the Corps of Discovery, lasted from to and provided valuable information about the geography, American Indian tribes and animal and plant life of the western part of the continent. InJefferson ran for re-election and defeated Federalist candidate Charles Pinckney of South Carolina with more than 70 percent of the popular vote and an electoral count of The following outline is provided as an overview of and topical guide to the history of the United States By period.
Prehistory of the United States John Tyler becomes the 10th President of the United States upon the death of President William Henry Harrison on April 4, The History of the United States of America –;.
Our line of historical magazines includes America's Civil War, American History, Aviation History, Civil War Times, Military History, MHQ: The Quarterly Journal of Military History. president of the United States, and will to the best of my ability, preserve, protect and defend the constitution of the United States." PRESIDENTS OF THE UNITED STATES AND THEIR VICE PRESIDENTS Inauguration Date End of Presidency President: Home Vice President: Home.
Oct 29, · Watch video · Thomas Jefferson (), author of the Declaration of Independence and the third U.S. president, was a leading figure in America’s early development. During the American Revolutionary War.
Thomas Jefferson (): Thomas Jefferson was the third president of the United States of America and was responsible for the purchase of Louisiana.
He served as president for two terms. He served as president for two terms. The United States has a rich history, full of tumult and transformation.
Explore the people, events, and movements that shaped the America of today. US Presidents Native American History American Revolution Civil War America Moves Westward The Gilded Age Definition and Summary.
Article. The Crittenden Compromise to Prevent the .
|U.S. Presidents: Facts and Elections | ph-vs.com - HISTORY||The Presentment Clause requires that any bill passed by Congress must be presented to the president before it can become law.|
|Historical development||View Abraham Lincoln Pictures.|
|All about US Presidential Elections||He had done nothing to promote himself as a candidate for the presidency and had agreed to undertake the mammoth task with the utmost reluctance. Relations with the former "mother country" deteriorated until it seemed that another war with Great Britain might be inevitable.|
|Duties of the office||He had done nothing to promote himself as a candidate for the presidency and had agreed to undertake the mammoth task with the utmost reluctance. Relations with the former "mother country" deteriorated until it seemed that another war with Great Britain might be inevitable.|
|All about US Presidential Elections||The presentation of the Declaration of Independence.|