First, at the time of European contact, all but the simplest indigenous cultures in North America had developed coherent religious systems that included cosmologies—creation myths, transmitted orally from one generation to the next, which purported to explain how those societies had come into being. They also venerated or placated a host of lesser supernatural entities, including an evil god who dealt out disaster, suffering, and death. Third and finally, the members of most tribes believed in the immortality of the human soul and an afterlife, the main feature of which was the abundance of every good thing that made earthly life secure and pleasant.
Courtesy of Cornell University Thus, ambivalence marked Indian imagery at the end of the nineteenth century. In the long struggle for mastery of the continent, the image of the bloody savage had always qualified any regret occasioned by the passing of the noble savage. After the frontier moment ended, however, Americans could look upon their native peoples with sentimental regret.
James Earle Fraser in translated popular sentiment into a sculpture of lasting appeal. End of the Trail shows a mounted Plains Indian, head bowed, shoulders slumped, his spear pointing at the ground, resigned to his fate, which was that of his race.
English Matters III 54 BIRTH, LIFE AND DISILLUSIONMENT OF THE AMERICAN DREAM IN THE GREAT GATSBY Ivan Štrba Abstract: Gatsby¶s dream might be described as the American dream of ph-vs.com is the dream of rising, of amassing a great fortune that will assure a life of luxuriant ease, power, and beauty. Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson. about religion was also engendered by the publication of an English translation of F. D. E. Schleiermacher's Critical Essay Upon the Gospel of The 16, Cherokees lived in what is now. dream - capacity for imagination rudiments of reason-learn from experience-communicate The early 20th-century American government policy of sterilizing mentally retarded females is an example of: (reaction with perception time), and choice RT (reaction with perception and will time).
Guiding Student Discussion Racial stereotyping is a minefield, and entering it for purposes of classroom discussion requires a carefully thought out strategy.
The truth is that students are often impatient with the past. In order to discuss historical stereotypes, you have to introduce students to them.
This runs the risk of coming across as advocacy. Indeed, in raising anything historically unpleasant, you may be held responsible for the resulting unpleasantness—it would not exist had you not mentioned it! Having introduced stereotypes, you are left to deal with them.
Outright condemnation is easy, since it conforms to what students already think. Anything more challenging runs even greater risks. You want to talk about stereotypes of African Americans and American Indians, so you show your class a cartoon of an African American eating watermelon and a photograph of a cigar store Indian.
If your point is simply that these images prove the ignorance of EuroAmericans in the past, then you will have no controversy. If you introduce the same images to probe the underlying values of a society that considered them acceptable, then you invite controversy.
And to what ends? What use did the EuroAmerican majority have for each race? The labor of one, of course, and the land of the other.
How would those different uses shape stereotypes? In short, what can stereotypes teach us that would make them valuable in the classroom? What can they tell us beyond the obvious? Students may remain un-persuaded. What else is there to say? Why study the attitudes of another age if, by our standards today, they were deplorable?
Moral certainty underlay their actions, too. Far from being illogical, they were, according to their lights, entirely logical! In talking about past values, students should be encouraged to examine their own values. How are attitudes formed? How do we know what we know? How does experience shape our views?
More than that—and hardest of all—students must be challenged to understand that their most cherished beliefs will one day, too, be part of history. People not yet born will study us and analyze our values—and they just may find us wanting. Far from making us feel superior, then, history should chasten us.
The past has been described as a foreign country. We must visit it with open minds and all due respect for its customs, eager to learn, not simply to judge. Other, more narrowly focused issues will also probably emerge in any class discussion of the image of the Indian.
Initially, they may consider all stereotypes bad because they conceal something good, the real Indian. Two lines of questioning suggest themselves: Or by an allegiance to traditional culture?Eliot, a Puritan minister in 17th-century Massachusetts, was known as the “Apostle of the Indians.” Few subjects in early modern history have received more attention from scholars than Puritanism, and historians of early America have focused the most intense scrutiny on the Congregationalists of colonial New England.
Piety Piety was a prominent part of the Puritan's American dream. Religion was very important to the Puritans and they believed that it would help them lead a fulfilling life. Puritans and Cherokees: Shaping Today’s Perception of the American Dream Essay Sample.
The Puritans during the s wanted change, they wanted to leave the ways of the Old World and set sail to a land of new beginnings and new ideals.
* They opposed the elaborate rituals of the English Church. * They believed that the Bible was the revealed word of God, therefore, people should guide their daily behavior with the ph-vs.com Puritans brought with them a philosophy of life, which is popularly known as American Puritanism.
- Puritans and Puritanism This essay addresses the questions: What is Puritanism. What is the meaning of puritanism in American history.
What is the Covenant as Puritans understood it. How were their ideas about the Covenant applied to their experience in America. Puritanism is one of the most important aspects of the American culture. Transcendentalism is an American literary, political, and philosophical movement of the early nineteenth century, centered around Ralph Waldo Emerson.
about religion was also engendered by the publication of an English translation of F. D. E. Schleiermacher's Critical Essay Upon the Gospel of The 16, Cherokees lived in what is now.